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Abstract
Instruction: hazard perception has significant role in traffic injuries. The current study included two studies pursueding two main aims: the aim in the first study was examining the relationship between cognitive abilities such as the cognitive styles, behavioral inhibition, cognitive inhibition and traffic hazard perception among drivers. In the second study, the aime was increasing the ability of road hazard perception through the education based on short-traffic slides. Method: In the first study, 129 male drivers (M=38.79 & SD= 8.85) in the city of Mashhad participated. For the second study, 42 students with driving licensee participated with 27 in experimental group and 15 in the control group. Sampling in both studies were voluntraily. Data were collected by traffic hazard perception test, stop-sign, go-nogo and cognitive style. Results: Results of the first study showed a significant and positive relationship between traffic hazard perception with holistic cognitive style, attention and selective attention, and a significant and negative relationship between behavioral inhibition and hazard perception. There was no significant relationship between hazard perception and cognitive inhibition. The findings of the second study indicated a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the ability of hazard perception. Discussion: Overall, the study confirms the relationship between attention, selective attention and holistic cognitive style with hazard perception; however, about the impact of behavioral and cognitive inhibitions further studies should be conducted. Finally, training can improve traffic hazard percption among drivers.
Keyword: traffic hazard perception, behavioural inhibitions, cognitive inhibition, cognitive styles, drive training.

Faculty of Education and Psychlogy

A Thesis of M.A Degree in Psychology

The relationship between traffic hazard perception, behavioral inhibition, cognitive inhibition and cognitive styles and an examining the effectiveness of traffic videos-based training on hazard perception

Supervisor
Dr. Zahza Tabibi

Advisor
Dr. Javad Salehi Fadardi

Reseached and Written by
Sara Mirzaei Feizabadi

September/2015
1. Rasouli, M. R., Nouri, M., Zarei, M.-R., Saadat, S., & Rahimi-Movaghar, V.
2. Muilenburg, J. L., Johnson, W. D., Usdan, S. L., Annang, L., & Clayton, D. L.
3. Møller, M., & Gregersen, N. P.
4. hazard
5. Dahal, K. R.
6. Pompili, M., Mancinelli, I., Girardi, P., Kotzalidis, G., Lazanio, S., & Tatarelli, R.
7. hazard perception
8. read the road
9. Cantwell, S.J., Isler, R.B., & Starkey, N.J.
10. Lerner, N., Jenness, J., Singer, J., Klauer, S., Lee, S., Donath, M., Manser, M. & Ward, N., Ward, N.
11. Tabibi, Z., & Pfeffer, K.
12. Verbruggen, F., & Logan, G. D.
13. Lejuez, C. W., Aklin, W. M., Jones, H. A., Richards, J. B., Strong, D. R., Kahler, C. W., & Read, J. P.
14. Barkley, R. A.
15. interference
16. Clark, J. M.
17. Nigg, J. T.
18. cognitive style
19. Barbosa, S. D., Gerhardt, M. W., & Kickul, J. R.
20. Allport, G.W.
21. Cassidy, S.
22. Riding, R., & Cheema, I.
23. holistic-analytic dimension
24. verbal-imagery dimension
25. intuitive
26. automatic
27. natural
28. nonverbal
29. narrative
30. experiential
31. Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D.
32. analytical
33. deliberative
34. verbal
35. rational
36. Epstein
37. Botzen, W., Aerts, J., & Van Den Bergh, J.
38. Riding, R., & Craig, O.
39. Ünal, A. B.
40. Groeger, J. A
41. Buche, T., & Ochs, R.
42. Haworth, N. L., Rowden, P. J., Watson, B. C., Wishart, D. E., Buckley, L., & Greig, K.
43. Poulsen, A. A., Horswill, M. S., Wetton, M. A., Hill, A., & Lim, S. M.
44. Stichting Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek Verkeersveiligheid (Sheet.s.f)
45. Haworth, N., Symmons, M., & Kowadlo, N.
46. video-based
47. Logan, G.D. & Cowan, W.B.
48. Newman, J.P., Patterson, C.M. & Kosson, D.
49. United States General Accounting Office
50. Barkley, R. A. & Cox, D.
51. Falk, B. &

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