پایان نامه با کلید واژه های and، of، the، Ecology

دانلود پایان نامه ارشد

Matthews, S., O’Connor, R & J Plantinga, A. 2002. Quantifying the impacts on biodiversity of policies for carbonsequestration in forests. Ecological Economics. 71-87p.
Mishra, A & Shamra, D. 2002. Leguminous trees for the restoration of degraded sodic wasteland in eastern uttar Pradesh. Land Degradation & developenet 14: 254-261.
Montagnini, F. 2000. Accumulation ln above-ground biomass and soil storage of mineral
Montagnini, F., and C., Porras. 1998. Evaluating the role of plantations as carbon sinks: an example of an integrative approach from the humid tropics. Environmental Management, 22: 459-470.
Mulug, L., & Olsson, M., 2004. Comparsion of Soil Attributes Under Cupressus Lusitanic and Eucalyptussaligna Established on Abandoned Fearmleand With Continuously. Cropped Fearmland and Natural Forest in Ethiopia. Foreast Ecology Mnagrment. 195: 57-67pp.
Nambiar, E.K., Fife, D. N., 1991. Nutrient retranslocation in temperate conifers. Tree PHysiol. 9 (1-2), 185-207.
Nekhay, O. Arriaza ,M. Guzmán-Álvarez, J. R. 2009. Spatial analysis of the suitability of olive plantations for wildlife habitat restoration. In Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 65(1):49-64.
Newmaster, S.G. Bell, F. W. Roosenboom, C. R. Cole, H. A. Towill, W. D. 2006. Restoration of floral diversity through plantation on abandoned agricultural land. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 36: 1218-1235.
Niu, X., W. Duiker, S. 2006. Carbonsequestration potential by afforestation of marginal agricultural land in the Midwestern U.S. Forest Ecology and Management. 415-427p.
Nordell, K.o., Karlsson, P. S., 1995. Resorption of nitrogen and matter prior to leaf abscission: variation among individuals, sites and years in the mountion birch. Funct. Ecol. 9 (2), 326-33.
nutrients in pure and mixed plantations in a humid tropical lowland. Forest Ecology and
Orellana, I. A. Raffaele, E. 2012. Effect of Pseudotsuga menziesii Plantations on Vascular Plants Diversity in Northwest Patagonia, Argentina. Biodiversity Enrichment in a Diverse World. 195-208.
Ovington, J.D., 1954. Studies of the development of woodland condition under different trees. Part II. The forest floor. J. Ecol. 42, 71-80.
Panagopolous, T., 1995. Early Growth of pinuse Nigra and Robinia pseduacacia stand & Contribution to soil Genesis and Landscape Improvement on Lignite Spoil in Ptolemaida, Landacape and Urban planning. 32: 19-29pp.
Panahpor, E. Fatemi Talab, S. R. Aghakhani, S. Shaban, M. 2010. Evaluation of plantation success with broad leaf species (Case tudy in Arak city). International journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. 1(1). 39-44p.
Paul, M., Catterall, C.P., Pollard, P.C., Kanowski, J., 2010. Recovery of soil properties and functions in different rainforest restoration pathways. For. Ecol. Mange. 259, 2083e2092.
Paul. M, Catterall. C, Pollard.P, Kanowski. J.J.. 2010. Does soil variation between rainforest, pasture and different reforestation pathways affect the early growth of rainforest pioneer species? Forest Ecology and Management , 259: 2083-2092.
Perez-SuarezM., Arredondo-Moreno J.T., Huber-Sannwald E.,Vargas-HernandezJ. J., 2009. Production and quality of senesced and green litterfallin a Pine-oakfoerst in central northwest Mexico,Forest and Ecology and MANAGEMENT,285:1307-1315.
Piotto, D., Montagnini, F., Ugalde, L., Kanninen, M., 2003.Growth and effects of thinning of mixed and pure plantations with native trees in humid tropical Costa Rica. For. Ecol. Manage. 177, 427–439.
Poore M (1954). The use of pHytosociological methods in ecological investigation. J. Ecol., 43: 226-243.
Pourbabaei, H. Asghri, F. Reif, A. Abedi, R. 2012. Effect of plantations on plant species diversity in the Darabkola, Mazandaran Province, North of Iran. Biodiversitas. 2(13): 72-78.
Ratnam, J., Sankaran, M., Hanan, N.P., Grant, R.C., Zambatis, N., 2008. Nutrient resorption patterns of plant functional groups in a tropical savanna: variation and functional significance. Oecologia 157, 141–151.
Raulund- Rasmussen, K., Vejre, H., 1995. Effect of tree species and soil properties on nutrient-immobilization in the forest floor. Plant soil 168/169, 345-352.
Razakamanarivo, R. H., Grinand, C., Razafindrakoto, M. A., Bernoux, M. and Alberecht, A. 2011. Mapping arganic carbon stocks in eucalyptus Plantations of the central highlands of Madagascar: A multiple regression approach, Geoderma, 162, 335 – 346.
Renteria, L.Y., Jaramillo, V.J., 2011. Rainfall drives leaf traits and leaf nutrient resorption in a tropical dry forest in Mexico. Oecologia 165, 201–211.
Richter, D.D. and Markewitz, D., 1994. Soil chemical change during three decades in an old-field loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) ecosystem. Ecology, 75: 1463-1473.
Ritter, E., 2007. Carbon, Nitrogen and PHospHorus in Volcanic soil following afforestation with native birch( Betula pubescens) and introducted larch (Larix sibirica) in lceland soil. 259: 239-251pp.
Rostami Shahraji, T., and Pourbabaei, H. 2007. Study of vegetation in loblolly pine ( Pinus taeda L.) plantation in the Aziz Kian and Lakan areas, Rasht. Journal of Environment Studies, 33: 41. 85-96.
Rouhi-Moghaddam, E. Hosseini, S. M. Ebrahimi, E. Tabari, M. and Rahmani, A. 2008. Comparison of growth, nutrition and soil properties of pure stands of Quercus castaneifolia and mixed with Zelkova carpinifolia in the Hyrcanian forests of Iran. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 1149–1160.
Russell, A. E. Raich, J. W. & Valver-Barrantes, O. J. Fisher, R. F. 2007.Tree Species Effects on Soil Properties in Experimental Plantations in Tropical Moist Forest. Soil Science Society of America. 71: 1389-1397.
Sariyildiz ,T., Anderson, J.M. 2005.Variation in the chemical composition of green leaves and leaf litters from three deciduous tree speciesgrowing on different soil types. Forest Ecology and Management 210:303–319.
Sayyad, E. Hosseini, S. M. Mokhtari, J. Mahdavi, R. Jalali, S. G. Akbarinia, M. and Tabari, M. 2006a. C omparison of growth, nutrition and soil properties of pure and mixed of Populus deltoids and Alnus subcordata. Silva Fennia 40(1): 27-35.
Sayyad,E. Hosseini, S. M. Mokhtari, J. Mahdavi, R. Jalali, S. G Akbarinia, M. and Tabari, M.2006b. Comparison of Growth, Nutrition and Soil Properties of Pure and Mixed Stands of Populus deltoides and Alnus subcordata. Silva Fennica 40(1): 27–35.
Schoenholtz, S. H, Van Miegroet, H. & Burger, J. A. 2000. A review of chemical and pHysical properties as indicators of forest soil quality: challenge and properties. For. Ecol. And Manage. 138: 335-356.
Schulp Catharina J. E., G. J. Naburus, P.H. Verburg & R. W. Waal, 2008. Effect of tree Species on carbon Stock in forest floor and mineral soil and implication for soil carbon inventories. Forest Ecology and Management, 256:482-490.
Six, J., Feller, C., Denef, K., M.Ogle, S., Moraes-Sa, J. C. D., Albrecht, A. 2002. Organic matter, biota and aggregation in temperate and tropical soils – Effects of no-tillage.Agronomie, 22: 755-775.
Swamy, S. L. Kushwaha, S. k. and Puri, S. 2004. Tree growth, biomass, allometry and nutrient distribution in Gmelina arborea stands grown in red lateritic soils of central India. Biomass and Bioenergy. 26: 305-317.
Takahashi, K., 1996. Plastic response of crown architecture to crowding in nderstory trees of two co-dominating conifers, Botany, 77: 159–164.
Tandon, H. L. S., 1989. Fertilizer management in food crops. Fertilizer development and consultation organization. J of New Dehli India. 160: 191- 198pp.
Tao Lü, X. Xia Yin, J & Wei Tang, Jian. 2011. Diversity and composition of understory vegetation in the tropical seasonal rain forest of Xishuangbanna, SW China. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (1): 455-463.
Tchouto, M.G.P., W.F. De Boer, J. De Wilde & L.J.G. Van der Maesen. 2006. Diversity patterns in the flora of the Campo-Ma’an rain forest, Cameroon: do tree species tell it all? Biodivers. Conserv. 15: 1353-1374.
Teymorzadeh, A., Rostamikia, Y., Fataei, E., Farhadi, H. & MOhamadpour, A., 2011.An Investigation Growth Reta on Needdle Leaves Species in Namin Forest (Case Study: Shoghaleh Daragh Region(. Agricultural Journal 6(4): 194-196.
Turner, J., Kelly, J., 1985. Effect of radiata pine on soil chemical characteristics. Forest Ecology and Management11, 257–270.
Uddin , B.M., Steinbauer, J.M and Beierkuhnlein, C., 2011. Diversity, Stand Characteristics and Spatial Aggregation of Tree Species in a Bangladesh Forest Ecosystem. Diversity, 3, 453-465.
UNDP., 2000: Carbon sequestration in the decertified range lands of Hossein Abad,. through community based management, program coordination, pp:1-7.
Univ, k. , Jpn, k. 2001. Differences of soil properties between evergreen broad-leaved and pine forests in northern Okinawa Island, Japan. Japanese Journal of Forest Environment. 1-8pp.
Van Heerwaaden L. M., Toest S., Aerts R., 2003. Current measures of nutrient resorption efficiency lead to a substantial underestimation of resorption efficiency: facts and solutions, Oikos, 101:664-669.
Veinotte, C. Freed man , B. and Mass, W. 1998; Plant biodiversity in natural, mixed-species forests and silvicultural plantations in the vicinity of fundy National park. Dep of Biology, Dalhousie University.
Virolianen.K.M., et al. 1998.Conservation of Vascular plant in single large and several small mires. Species richness, rarity land taxonomic diversity. Applied Ecology vol 35.pp700-707.
Vitousek PM, Howarth RW (1991) Nitrogen limitation on land and in the sea: how can it occur? Biogeochemistry 13:87–115
Vitousek PM., Turner DR., Parton WJ., 1994. Litter decompositioin on the Mauna Loa environmental matrix, Hawaii: pattern, mechanisms, and models, Ecology, 75:418-459.
W. Fritsch, P. and C. Cruz, B. 2012. PHylogeny of Cercis based on DNA sequences of nuclear ITS and four plastid regions: Implications for transatlantic historical biogeograpHy. Molecular PHylogenetics and Evolution 62: 816–825.
Wesenbeeck, B.K.V. et al.

پایان نامه
Previous Entries پایان نامه با کلید واژه های منابع طبیعی، کارشناسی ارشد، مطالعه موردی، پوشش گیاهی Next Entries پایان نامه با کلید واژه های and، the، of، Pinus